A septic tank is a self-contained wastewater treatment system that is situated underground. Septic tanks effectively and proficiently treat and dispose of household wastewater on site. In rural areas where site sizes are greater and residences can be spaced quite greatly aside, septic tanks can show a more cost-effective solution than central sewer systems. The septic reservoir is a big, underground, watertight box. All of the wastewater from your toilet, bathtub, kitchen and laundry flows into the container. Heavy solids settle to underneath of the where bacteria reduce these to sludge and gasses. Lighter solids such as grease rise to the top and form a scum covering. Solids that not decompose remain in the tank. If the solids aren't removed by periodic pumping (every 3-5 years), they'll accumulate and finally overflow into the drain field, which can cause intensive damage.
Instead, they stay in suspension and are flushed out to the drainfield where they plug-up the pores of the dirt compound the trouble, a lot of our clothing is now manufactured with fabricated materials such as polyester and nylon. These substances aren't biodegradable, and can not break down in a septic system. Instead, they collect and clog the land. Once these non-organic materials enter the drainfield, there is no way to eliminate them.
To keep your system working and treating sewage efficiently, you need to have the container pumped periodically. As the septic system can be used, sludge accumulates in the bottom of the septic reservoir. As sludge level increases, wastewater spends less amount of time in the reservoir, and solids will escape in to the absorption area. If sludge accumulates too much time, no settling occurs, the sewage will go right to the land absorption area, and little is cured.
Unlike a municipal sewer system, where waste materials incurs a central drainage system preserved by the municipality, your septic reservoir is individual to your premises. Wastewater out of your home that comes from your showers, toilets, sink drains, and washing machines moves to your septic fish tank, which is usually buried somewhere on your property.
Flushing non-biodegradable misuse items down the toilet such as cigarette butts , cotton buds/swabs or menstrual hygiene products (e.g. sanitary napkins or tampons ) and condoms can result in a septic tank to clog and fill speedily. Therefore, these materials shouldn't be disposed of in that manner; the same applies when the toilet is connected to a sanitary sewer rather than a septic fish tank.